At the turn of the 20th century, Kerala had 69% Hindus in the state, which was divided into three separate regions. He said longer life expectancy, which comes from greater access to healthcare facilities, plays a role in the population stabilising. For the sake of convenience, we have amalgamated Cochin-Travancore into one region (called Travancore from now on) and have considered Malabar the other, in this article. In 2011, population density for Tamil Nadu was 555 people per square kilometer. According to the data, the Hindu population in Tamil Nadu saw an increase of 14.91 per cent between 2001 and 2011. Tamil Nadu recorded a population of 72,147,030, growing by 97.4 lakh persons in the last decade, of which 80.1 per cent are literates, according to the 2011 census. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) population in Tamilnadu – 68%; Total Scheduled tribes (ST) population in Tamilnadu – 1.10%; Total Hindus population in Tamilnadu – 63,188,168; Christians population in Tamilnadu – (4,418,331) 6.5%; Muslims population in Tamilnadu – (4,229,479) 6%; Tamil Jains population in Tamilnadu – (83,359) 0.13% Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities In conclusion, we can say that Kerala and South Tamil Nadu are set to become Hindu minority in the next 50 years. These models are more realistic than the logistic model as explained above. From then, both will start decreasing, while only the Muslim population will be increasing. IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. On Pamban Island, Ramanathaswamy Temple is a pilgrimage site. Enjoy reading as many articles as you wish without any limitations. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Chennai District as per Census 2011 Since then it has been the most dominant in Indian culture and society. Malabar, in the north, was originally under the influence of the Arab traders and always had a slightly higher Muslim population. All the statistics are taken from the respective census and [1]. In the case of Christians, while the growth was slightly higher than the all-India figure, their proportion in the overall State population remained more or less the same as in 2001. Tamil Nadu is famed for its Dravidian-style Hindu temples. All other religions like Jains and Buddhists represent less than 1%. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 87.58% of Tamil Nadu's population are Hindus, 6.12% are Christians, 5.86% are Muslims, 0.12% are Jains, 0.02% are Buddhists and 0.02% are Sikhs. “This is not a new trend. Kerala has historically comprised of four districts in the Malabar, and five districts in Travancore-Cochin. In the polynomial model, it is clear that the Hindus and Christians will start declining not only in the percentages, but also in absolute numbers in almost all the districts. Note that one may observe a discrepancy in the percentages predicted by the logistic models and the other two (constant growth and polynomial) models. The growth rates have been … We have modelled the populations of the entire state using the three different models separately. In Ernakulam, no religion formed the majority. List of all Talukas in Chennai District of Tamil Nadu. In this article, we shall focus on the changes that have occurred in the religious demography of Kerala between 1951 and 2011 and predict the future trends in population for the next 50 years. Is Dalit a caste. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the States of Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.It is the tenth-largest state in India and the seventh most populous state. In 2011 census, the 0-4 population was 46.75% Hindu, while the Muslim population was 37.32% and the Christian population was 15.93%. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. This trend is set to accelerate. But in the remaining districts, Hindus formed >60% of the total population in 1951. A low Hindu fertility, conversions to Christianity (in some areas) and a higher Muslim fertility have changed the demographic character of the state. Mere economic growth will not provide help,” he said. (previous page) 1792 painting of a Hindu temple and choultry (a travellers' rest house), Binjaveram Tinnevelly district, Tamil Nadu India.jpg 976 × 684; 125 KB. Chennai is religiously cosmopolitan, with its denizens following various religions, chief among them being Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism.Chennai, along with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. In Madurai, Meenakshi Amman Temple has high ‘gopuram’ towers ornamented with colourful figures. The Hindu Explains | How serious is the bird flu outbreak in India, and how can it be contained? The Malabar in the north, was in the hands of the British, the small Cochin state in the centre, was under a prince and the Kingdom of Travancore bestrode the southern half like a colossus. Of the two regions, Malabar was 65.34% Hindu in 1951. In 2011, the Hindu population was 50.53%, the Muslim population was 43.64%, and the Christian population was 5.83%. In the case of Kanyakumari, it is quite possible that the proportion of the Christians will hit a ceiling as the total number of possible converts hits a maximum. The total muslim population 4.2 million is the third largest after Christians with 4.4 million people. Muslims will be the majority in two districts, Kannur and Malappuram, and Christians will have a majority in Kanyakumari. Only the Muslim fertility rate is above the replacement levels, in the 2011 census. Table 4: The predicted populations of Hindus, Muslims and Christians in the Polynomial models in the coming decades. In signs that welfare polices in Tamil Nadu have had a positive effect, the religion-wise figures of Census 2011 show that decadal growth rate of population in two major communities — Hindu and Muslim — was lower than the national average. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … The Hindu population of Malabar is set to fall to somewhere between 40% and 45% in the constant growth and the polynomial models by 2061. The data will change every year. [1] – AP Joshi, MD Srinivas and JK Bajaj, “Religious Demography of India”, Centre for Policy Studies, Chennai. This Hindu Tamil temple is the oldest temple in Tamil Nadu and dedicated to Lord Shiva with 16 sided Shivlinga’s made of black granite stone. The Muslim population of the region was 31.42% and the Christian population was 3.24% in 1951. Vanniyar - 12 to 15% 2. The Christians may be able to reverse the demographic trend by converting the poor and other vulnerable classes. In the same period, the overall population in Tamil Nadu grew by 15.60 per cent. Question Corner: Why haven’t crocodiles evolved much since the age of the dinosaurs? Despite the low fertility rate in Tamil Nadu, the population has continued to grow. Disclaimer: The facts and opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The bulk of the converts are the Dalits, the fisher folk and the Nadars – all of them are socially and economically backward. Tamil Nadu has centers of worship for a multitude of faiths. Thus, this model may be seen as the lower bound on the populations of the various communities. Out of which 1729297 are males while 1728748 are females. The changes in the far south, in Kanyakumari district, have been equally pronounced, due to rapid conversions to Christianity. As per 2011 Census Tamil nadu population religion wise, Hinduism is the largest religion with 63 million - 87.5%, followed by Muslim with 5.8%, Christianity with 6%. Intensive population campaigns since the 1980s coupled with robust welfare measures have helped Kerala and Tamil Nadu stabilise their population to a great extent relatively,” he said. Many, if not most, of these have been converted. We brief you on the latest and most important developments, three times a day. Though conduct of such. Significantly, unlike Hindus, there were more women than men among Christians and Muslims in 2011. Christians and Muslims grew by 21.86 and 16.73 per cent respectively. In all Hindu form majority religion in 32 out of 32 districts of Tamil Nadu state. This takes the total number of infections in the State to 8,17,077. Between 1901 and 1951, the Muslims rose by 0.25% (from 17.28% of Kerala to 17.53%), the Christians rose by 7% (from 13.8% to 20.9%) and the Hindus fell from 69% to 61%. From the above table, it should be clear that the Christian population will peak in 2021 and the Hindu population in 2031. This will contribute to a rising share of Muslim population and the fall in share of both Hindu and Christian populations in Kerala. From a time (1951), when seven of the 9 districts were more than 60% Hindu, the Hindu population will have fallen into a state where eight of the nine districts will have a Hindu population less than 60% (in 2061). A select list of articles that match your interests and tastes. Every model shows the Hindu and Christian population shares declining and the Muslim population increasing. From 1961 onwards, when the Christian population peaked, there has been a gradual (at first) and then a sharper rise of the Muslim population in Kerala, and a gradual retreat of both the Hindus and the Christians. Hindus will have declined from 65% in 1951, to ~40% in 2061. Tamil Religion, Astrology in Tamil, Tamil Spirituality, Hindu Religion, Religion in Tamil Nadu. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3458045 as per the Census 2011. Population in Tamil Nadu has _____ over a period of 60 years from 1951 to 2011. Together, these four districts comprise of nearly 15 million people. Economist Venkatesh Athreya said education among women and poverty alleviation are two important determinants of population growth in the long term. They will constitute a majority only in four districts, namely, Palakkad, Thrissur, Alappuzha and Thiruvananthapuram. The authors are deeply grateful to Indian2019, for his detailed caste-wise breakup of the Kanyakumari district. அனைத்து மதங்களைப் பற்‌றிய தகவல்களும் இந்த ஆன்‌மிகப் பகுதியில் இடம்பெறும். Notes: a. The decimation of Hindus in Malabar is clear in this model. Since, the Hindus do not proselytize in any significant measure, the Hindu population is set to decline continually and relentlessly over the coming decades. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population … And unlike Assam, where roughly 2 regions (of about 9 million people in total) were set to remain a clear Hindu majority, we show that none of the regions in Kerala will have any significant Hindu majority. Tamil Nadu is one of the 29 states of India. Across all the districts and in every model, the population of the Hindus will start decreasing in absolute numbers by 2061, and the population of the Muslims will keep increasing till 2061. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. In the first part of the article, we present our conclusions about the various districts (and regions) of Kerala. Further, Malabar will gain population much faster, while the Cochin-Travancore are likely to lose population. In the state of Tamil Nadu, India the most widely professed religion is Hinduism, with significant Christian and Muslim minorities. As may be seen, the Hindu population will be between 45% and 53%, the Muslim population will be between 30% and 41% and the Christian population will be between 12% and 17%. It is only in Alappuzha that Hindus will have a clear majority of greater than 60%. In 2001, Christians were 6.06 per cent and Muslims were 5.56 of the total population. In Malappuram district, the Muslims were the absolute majority in Kerala. Hinduism constitutes 87.58% of Tamil Nadu population. The model assumes that the Hindu and Christian populations will become stable and not decline unlike what the fertility rates show. Here is a brief summary of the demographic analysis from the note: #1 Tamil Nadu is second only to Kerala in terms of Christian population. In the maps below, `none’ represents that no group will have a majority (>50%) of the population–. The upper castes and the economically strong, and socially forward Nairs, and Velallars, and the OBC Ezhavas and Vishwakarmas (other prominent castes of the region), who together number about 6-7 lakhs, are mostly invulnerable to conversions. It is clear that in the constant growth model, the Hindus are going to be a minority in five of the nine districts, Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Ernakulam and Kanyakumari. Malabar will, in fact, become a Hindu minority starting 2021 itself. The Muslim fertility is not high (indeed, it is lower than the Hindu fertility rate in states like Rajasthan and UP). In the polynomial model, we fit a second degree polynomial to the population data points and predict the future populations based on this curve. Tamil Nadu Population Growth. The region most affected by the change in population is the Malabar, where the low fertility of Hindus, combined with higher fertility and an already existing higher Muslim population has seen many districts rapidly change their demographic character. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu state is 71.85% out of which 77.59% males are literate and 66.09% females are literate. It comprises 51,837,507 literates, with a literacy rate of 80.3%. The population density is 550 people per square kilometer. On connecting religious background with fertility, he said development as a whole was a larger factor. Its capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras). 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST) Other Backward Classes (OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population. Ernakulam and Kozhikode will have no one in the majority, but Kozhikode will also have a Muslim plurality. The logistic model assumes that all populations will stabilise in the long run and predicts future populations based on this assumption. This tells you why social welfare measures have a larger bearing,” he pointed out. Chennai district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 4646732 as per the Census 2011. *Malappuram and Palakkad show their population nearly constant in the 2051-2061 decade. Total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively. List of all Talukas in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. Population: 72,147,030 (2011) ... 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