The production is, however, greatly hampered by severe infestation and damage by insect pests including the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora … Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. Our website has detected that you are using an outdated insecure browser that will prevent you from using the site. In recent years its range has extended further north in Siberia and Canada and further south in Chile and Argentina. Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. Die Pflanzenläuse Aphiden getreu nach dem Leben abgebildet und beschrieben, J.L. O objetivo desta foi identificar genótipos de V. unguiculata sob condição de estresse salino que apresentem menor infestação por Aphis craccivora e maior produtividade. Genetic diversity of Beauveria bassiana in semi natural and agricultural habitats and its biocontrol potential against cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch Braz J Microbiol . Due to heavy Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 4:124, Smith, C.F. 1978. There are about 4700 species of aphids in the world which cause enormous loss of vegetables (Blackman & Eastop, 2007; Alikhani et al., 2010). A female aphid lives for 9 to 25 days and can produce from 25 to 125 young during its life. A. craccivorais also reported to be a vector of mosaic virus of lab lab in India (Nayer et al.,1976). Tri Asmira Damayanti*, Endah Muliarti*, Dewi Sartiami* *Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian IPB Jl. & Parron. [3], Aphis craccivora is a small species of aphid. Image of organism, small, leaf - 140925584 The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests of legume plants worldwide. We suggest you upgrade to a modern browser. Aphis craccivora Koch & C.L., 1854 in GBIF Secretariat (2019). Ministère de l’Agriculture, 2012. By the end of April, winged females have migrated to other host plants, often Acacia, and later to cotton, on which crop this pest does much damage. DAN A. gossypii Glover. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. The population density of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. In India, chickpea stunt is the name given to a syndrome characterized by foliage discoloration (red in … The nymphs and adults feed gregariously on the leaves, tender shoots, inflorescence and tender pods thus causing malformations, stunting and even drying up of the parts. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. Schreiner I (2000) Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch). The insect sucks cell sap from flowers and lays nymphs on flowers. The female has a glossy black or dark brown body with a prominent cauda (tail-like protrusion), and legs in some shade of brown or yellow. Based on the result, chitosan at concentration 0.9% is the most effective concentration in suppressing BCMV and its vector A. craccivora. Ph.D. thesis , University of Reading . J. Ofuya TI, 1989. [3], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphis_craccivora&oldid=993556280, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:02. Photo about Pest - Aphis craccivora Koch destroying plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, Fauna Europaea (2007) Nätversion. Smith, C.F. European Scientific Journal June 2015 edition vol.11, No.18 ISSN: 1857 – 7881 (Print) e - ISSN 1857- 7431 154 PREDATORY EFFICIENCY OF CHEILOMENES SEXMACULATA (FABRICIUS) (COLEOPTERA: COCCINELLIDAE) AGAINST APHIS CRACCIVORA KOCH ON VARIOUS HOST PLANTS OF … By November winged forms have developed and eggs are laid before winter sets in. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. [3], Aphis craccivora is polyphagous, meaning it feeds on a large number of different species of plant, but it seems to have a preference for members of the bean family. [5], In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year. It may move back to alfalfa later in the year. Image of black, plants, destroy - 140925583 Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. A. craccivora had three peaks on faba … effect of chitosan on A. craccivora. Aphis craccivora Koch (BASF) Colony and damage on bean To read this page in French . (Aphis craccivora Koch) in Medicago truncatula. [4] Other plant families sometimes acting as hosts include Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… These aphids are all female and reproduce by parthenogenesis, producing nymphs which moult four times over the course of eight to twelve days. Although outbreaks of this pest occur annually in Thailand causing heavy damage, its genetic structure and demographic history are poorly understood. Both the [3][4], In the former USSR, Aphis craccivora overwinters as eggs, often at the base of young alfalfa plants, but is also reported to overwinter on Acacia, camelthorn and perennial weeds. Ansari , A. K. , van Emden , H. F. and Singh , S. R. ( 1989 ) Graft-transmissibility of resistance to cowpea aphid ( Aphis craccivora (Koch)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in six highly antibiotic cowpea varieties . bean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) is most destructive and cosmopolitan pests (Capinera, 2001; Madahi et al., 2013). Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Paper published in agricultural pests of the pacific, ADAP 2000–6 Shetlar DJ (2001) Aphids on trees and shrubs, HYG-2031–90. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an important pest of Lathyrus sativus L. plants, and causes retarded plant growth and loss of seed production. Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Aphis craccivora Koch. Wingless females are a little smaller. [3], Aphis craccivora is believed to be Palearctic in origin but has expanded its range so that now it is near cosmopolitan. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. is borrowed from the "Pests and diseases of food cultures" (Karavyanskii N.S., Mazur O.P., 1975). Patro, B. and Behera, M.K. O experimento foi conduzido na área experimental da Fazenda Alvorada, (08º22’28” Sul, 43º51’34” Oeste, altitude de 229 m), em duas safras 2017 e 2018. Aphids, particularly Aphis craccivora Koch, are almost always the vector responsible for disease transmission. There may be up to twenty generations in the year. and its associated predators on faba bean and cowpea fields were studied at El-Khattara district, Sharkia Governorate, Egypt in 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 seasons. 2001-2020 W.N. The aphids tend to concentrate on the growing tips of plants, young leaves, shoots, flowers and developing seed pods. [2] Originally of probable Palearctic origin, it is now an invasive species of cosmopolitan distribution. Orissa Journal of Agricultural Research, 4: 238. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. The honeydew produced is deposited on the plants and encourages the growth of sooty moulds which restrict photosynthesis. en Afrique noire francaise et son determinisme. & Parron. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20 >> Aphis (Aphis) craccivora; See subspecies craccivora for additional information. A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. We’re sorry, but GBIF doesn’t work properly without JavaScript enabled. HYPPZ on line : Species (scientific name), Pests (common names), Glossary, Crops. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Kamper, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680 triadys@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in … Considerable crop losses have been attributed to virus disease, especially in India, Pakistan, Iran, the United States, and Australia. The aphid is the vector of a number of plant viruses including groundnut rosette virus, peanut mottle virus, peanut stunt virus, subterranean clover stunt virus, bean common mosaic virus, cucumber mosaic virus and alfalfa mosaic virus. Afr. Aphis craccivora, variously known as the cowpea aphid, groundnut aphid or black legume aphid, is a true bug in the family Aphididae. Picture of Aphis craccivora Koch. Biotechnol., 7(14), 2486-2490. 1854. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 255:20. Réal, P. 1955. 2019 Jul;50(3):697-704. doi: 10.1007/s42770-019-00102-5. An annotated list of Aphididae (Homoptera) of North America. Key words: Aphis craccivora, Crop Pest, Entomopathogenic Fungi, median lethal concentration INTRODUCTION Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Koch) is a threat to cowpea growers in all over the country. The adults do not have wax on their dorsal surface but the nymphs are lightly dusted with wax. The cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Aphididae), is considered to be one of the major pests in the semiarid Pampas of Argentina and in other alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) growing areas of the world. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 35 (3):75-77. In warmer climates, parthenogenetic reproduction takes place throughout the year cycle annuel du puceron de l ’ (. The honeydew produced is deposited on the abdomen, producing nymphs which moult times! 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